Unemployment is not only prevalent in times of crisis but is an ongoing and structural issue worldwide, with markets being unable to supply enough jobs to meet the demand. In this context, private-sector employment can be complemented by Public Employment Programmes (PEPs). PEPs refer to employment creation by the government through employment-funded programmes. Sometimes these programmes are funded through partnership with the private sector. The impact of unemployment is far-reaching and destructive. PEPs offer protection to the most vulnerable groups and assist in the development of infrastructure, which, in turn, promotes social and economic development. This report looks at the impacts of PEPs focus on three key areas, namely the incomes earned by beneficiaries, and the impacts of work participation and the assets and services that are delivered.