Final List of Speakers and Selected Conference Presentations Opening Address
Mr Justice MS Navsa – Judge of Appeal, Supreme Court of Appeal - Opening Address Plenary 1 — Criminal Justice Reform, Transition and Crime
Minister Leonard Ramatlakane, The Minister for Community Safety, Western Cape - Criminal Justice Reform, Transition and Crime
Graeme Simpson, Executive Director, Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation Plenary II — Contemporary Issues in South African Prisons
Judge Hannes Fagan, Inspecting Judge of Prisons - Our Bursting Prisons
Abbey Witbooi, General-Secretary, POPCRU - Management and Control of Prisons
Chris Giffard, independent researcher – respondent - Contemporary Issues in South African Prisons Plenary III — Policy and Implementation
Simon Jiyane, Deputy Director-General, Court Services, Department of Justice - Policy and Implementation
Adv Anne Skelton, Chief Litigator, Centre for Child Law, University of Pretoria – Implementation Planning – The Child Justice Bill
Dr Tertius Geldenhuys, Head of Legislation, Legal Services, SAPS
Judge Dennis Davis, Cape High Court – The Criminal Justice System: How Much Transformation Has Taken Place During the First Decade of Constitutional Democracy'
Subashni Moodley, Deputy Commissioner, Personal Corrections, DCS Conference closure
Elrena van der Spuy, Senior Lecturer and Director, Institute of Criminology, UCT Workshop 1 — Violent Crime in South Africa: What We Know; What We Don't Know
Anton du Plessis, Head, Crime & Justice Programme – Violent Crime Levels in South Africa – an overview of available data
Martin Schönteich, Senior Legal Officer, National Criminal Justice, Open Society Justice Initiative, New York – Murder in South Africa: What We Know and Don't Know
Irvin Kinnes, Director, Kinnes and Associates
Elaine Salo, Lecturer, African Gender Institute, UCT - Mans is Ma Soe: Ganging practices in Manenberg, South Africa and the ideologies of masculinity, gender and generational relations
Lisa Vetten, Gender Programme Manager, CSVR Workshop 2 — From Suspect to Sentence: Human Rights, Diversity and the Criminal Justice Process
Megan Prinsloo, Junior Scientist, MRC – A Review of Factors Impacting on the Criminal Investigation Process in Cape Town
Dr Nick Olivier, UNISA - Best Practices in Interviewing within a Culturally Diverse Society: Lessons for Law Enforcement
Abraham Hamman, Lecturer, Faculty of Law, UWC - Cellphone Technology, Human Rights and the Criminal Justice Process
Prof Divya Singh, Director: School of Criminal Justice, UNISA- Research in Search of an Answer: Understanding One of the Dynamics that Keeps Battered Women in Abusive Relationships – Cultural Diversity Under the Hammer Workshop 3 — Paradigms 1: Paradigms for Policing
Clifford Shearing, Professor in the Research School of Social Science at the Australian National University - Paradigms for Policing
John Cartwright and Madeleine Jenneker, Community Peace Programme, School of Government, UWC - Governing Security: A working model in South Africa - The Peace Committee
Boyane Tshehla Senior Researcher, Crime & Justice Programme, ISS - Paradigms for Policing
Antony Altbeker, Senior Researcher, Crime & Justice Programme, ISS - Policing Paradigms . Workshop 4 — International Cooperation and Criminal Justice
Kenny Kapinga, The Head of Bureau, Interpol-Sub Regional Bureau, Harare – Paper on International Cooperation and Criminal Justice
Adv Anton Katz, Member of the Cape Town and New York Bars - The Transformation of South Africa's Role in International Co-operation in Criminal Matters
Associate Professor Max du Plessis, Howard College School of Law, University of KZN, Durban - Africa and the International Criminal Court Workshop 5 — Criminology and Criminal Justice Research
Prof Anna van der Hoven and Dr Michelle Ovens, Department of Criminology, UNISA – The Role of the Criminologist in the Criminal Justice System
Shanaaz Mathews, Researcher, Gender & Health Group, MRC – Challenges & Barriers to Data Collection from Investigating Officers: Experience from a National Study on Female Homicides in South Africa
Susan Lieberman, Urban Development Researcher, Building & Construction Technology, CSIR – Community Crime Mapping: local solutions to local problems
Iole Matthews, Independent Projects Trust and Mathew Smith, Strategy and Tactics – A Balanced Approach to Evaluating a Criminal Justice Strengthening Project Workshop 6 — Access to Legal Assistance for Suspects and Victims
Patrick Hundermark, Regional Operations Executive: Eastern Cape and Free State, Legal Aid Board
Karam Jeet Singh, Project Coordinator: Education and Training Project, Lawyers for Human Rights, Cape Town - Access to Justice: Developing a Pro Bono Practice for South Africa
Associate Professor Peter Jordi – School of Law, Wits - Compensation for Victims of Crime in a Civil Context
Prof Danny Titus, Deputy Executive Dean, College for Law, UNISA Workshop 7 — The Social Fabric & Social Crime Prevention
Dumisani Ntombela, SA Congress for Early Childhood Development
Associate Professor Andy Dawes – Director: Child Youth & Family Development, HSRC - Child Development, Anti-Social Behaviour and Effective Intervention
Assistant Commissioner Susan Pienaar, Head: Social Crime Prevention, SAPS Division Crime Prevention - Social Fabric & Social Crime Prevention Workshop
Bill Dixon, Department of Criminology, Keele University, UK. See plenary 3 Workshop 8 — Paradigms 2: Traditional Justice and Restorative Justice
Mike Batley, Executive Director, Restorative Justice Centre - Paradigms of Justice: Why Restorative Justice Should Be Part of the Next Decade of Criminal Justice in South Africa
Boyane Tshehla, Senior Researcher, Crime & Justice Programme, ISS
Associate Professor Wilfried Schärf, Institute of Criminology, UCT - The Challenges Facing Non-State Justice Systems in Southern Africa: How do, and How Should Governments Respond? Workshop 9 – The Courts, Sentencing, and an Integrated Justice System
Adv Pieter du Rand, Chief Director, Court Services, Department of Justice - Paper on the Courts, Sentencing and an Integrated Justice System
Judge Hannes Fagan, Inspecting Judge of Prisons. See plenary 2
Prof Stephan Terblanche, Department of Criminal and Procedural Law, University of South Africa – Sentencing: Changes and Effect Since 1994 Workshop 10 — Police Oversight, Accountability and Discipline
Adv Karen McKenzie, Executive Director, Independent Complaints Directorate - Police Accountability and Discipline
Gareth Newham, Project Manager, Criminal Justice Programme, CSVR – Internal Police Systems for Officer Control: A Strategic Focus Area for Improving Civilian Oversight and Police Accountability in South Africa
Duxita Mistry, Senior Researcher, Crime & Justice Programme, ISS – Civilian Oversight and Police Accountability
Sean Tait, Criminal Justice Initiative, Open Society Foundation – South Africa - Strengthening Police Oversight in South Africa: Opportunities for State Civil Society Partnerships
Dr Tertius Geldenhuys, Head of Legislation, Legal Services, SAPS Workshop 11 — Development and Rehabilitation of Offenders
Dr Leon Holtzhausen, Deputy Director: Correctional Programmes, & Ann-Mari Hesselink Louw, Deputy Director: Offender Profiling, Directorate Risk Profile Management, Personal Corrections, Department of Correctional Services – Offender Assessment, Profiling, Sentence Planning & Intervention
Venessa Padayachee, National Programme Specialist: Community Victim Support, NICRO – Offender Reintegration and Rehabilitation – NICRO's Programme for Perpetrators of Intimate Partner Violence Powerpoint and Text versions
Sandy Hoffman, psychologist – Rehabilitation of Prisoners in a Transforming South Africa
Margaret Roper, independent researcher & evaluator – Emerging South African Approaches to Strengthen the Effectiveness of Rehabilitation and Reintegration of Juvenile Offenders Workshop 12 — Working Effectively with Children in the Criminal Justice System
Milly Pekeur, Coordinator of the Child Witness Project, RAPCAN – Rapcan's Child Witness Project - Resources Aimed at the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect
Adv Maggie Tserere, Senior State Advocate, Sexual Offences and Community Affairs Unit, National Prosecuting Authority - Working Effectively with Children in the CJS
Arina Smit, National Programme Specialist: Diversion and Youth Development, NICRO - Turning the Child Justice Bill into Reality Workshop 13 — Technology and CJS Transformation
Assistant Commissioner Piet du Toit, SAPS Criminal Record Centre - The Automatic Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS) and its impact on the CJS
Laurens Cloete, CSIR Information Society Technology Centre - Information and Communication Technology and the Criminal Justice System in 10 years time.
Dr Graham Wright, CSIR Crime Prevention Centre/Business Against Crime - The role of partnerships in leveraging technology in addressing organised crime Workshop 14 — Challenges Facing the National Prosecuting Authority
Martin Schönteich, Senior Legal Officer, National Criminal Justice, Open Society Justice Initiative, New York – Challenges Facing the NPA
Iole Matthews, Independent Projects Trust and Mathew Smith, Strategy and Tactics - The National Prosecuting Authority A KZN Perspective - Challenges and Possible Solutions Workshop 15 — The Domestic Violence Act: Strengthening Implementation
Lisa Vetten, Programme Manager, Gender Programme, CSVR
Assistant Commissioner Susan Pienaar, Head: Social Crime Prevention, Division Crime Prevention, SAPS - Police Implementation of the DVA
Joyce Maluleke, Gender Directorate: Dept of Justice and Constitutional Development – Strengthening the Implementation of the Domestic Violence Act
Adv Tsidi Kambula, Senior State Advocate, Head of Domestic Violence Section, Sexual Offences and Community Affairs Unit, National Prosecuting Authority
Heléne Combrinck, Coordinator, Gender Project, Community Law Centre, UWC - Setting Standards: Domestic Violence, State Duties and Constitutional Jurisprudence
Antony Altbeker, Senior Researcher, Crime & Justice Programme, ISS - Policing Domestic Violence: the sympathy gap.
Facilitators: Lillian Artz & Dee Smyth, Gender, Health & Justice Research Unit University of Cape Town
African Civil Society Stakeholders Call for Global and Inclusive Justice
For the full article click here
Link to Pan African Lawyers Union here
MEMBERS of Parliament’s police committee, the new Deputy Minister of Police Maggie Sotyu and police secretariat officials pronounced themselves disappointed this week when the Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation’s report on why crime in South Africa is so violent was released.
They clearly all wanted a magic wand from the academics – David Bruce and Adele Kirsten – who compiled the study, and there wasn’t one. Indeed, after a particularly robust engagement, Bruce told the committee that worldwide there had been many studies done on violent crime and no one had yet come up with an answer.
Committee chairman Sindi Chikunga and Freedom Front Plus MP Pieter Groenewald wanted to know why crime in South Africa was so often accompanied by hideous cruelty. They said the study had failed to find an explanation as to why victims of crime are so often tortured.Indeed, this is a good question. The study reported that the history of structural violence inherent in the way in which colonialism and apartheid worked lay at the heart of the matter.
I suppose the idea is that if you are the victim of institutional violence simply because of your race then it legitimises violence on a personal level.Also, people would have observed brutal state action from police and other departments where there were no consequences. In short, impunity.Also connected to violent crime in the study were things like poverty, education, the destruction of family structures through the migrant labour system and, curiously, the abuse of alcohol by young mothers – often accompanied by domestic violence. Still further reinforcement.
While accepting the bona fides of the research done, it would be nice if the further research which the CSVR said was ongoing could provide answers to some of the questions. For example, there are places in the world where there is far more poverty than in South Africa but where there is less violent crime.It would also be interesting to find out what role is played by the fact that South Africa negotiated its revolution rather than fighting to the end. Is there a sort of feeling that violence is justified because there were no real winners and losers in the revolution?
There were some startling findings which should sound some alarm bells, one being that more than a third of the perpetrators of violent crime are 19 years and younger. That is truly scary and it points to problems with education and socialisation.
Having said all that, the criticism of the report does seem to be unfair. It is an astonishing piece of work and really does serve the vital function of bringing together what we know about violent crime in the country and putting it in an accessible form in one place.
There have also been complaints that R3.5- million of public money was spent and not much achieved. Also unfair. Anything that contributes to a better understanding of where we are and why we behave as we do is worth every cent.
In The Herald
Johannesburg - South Africa's "gender machinery" is in "disarray" with it not even being clear who is co-ordinating the 16 Days of Activism campaign, a group of NGOs said on Wednesday.
"At a time when it is most needed, participants noted, the national gender machinery is in disarray," read a statement from Gender Links and the Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation (CSVR).
"There is a lack of clarity on which agency is driving the 16 Days of Activism campaign, which used to be housed in the department of local government, following the establishment of the ministry of women, children and disability in April this year.
"The ministry has yet to hold a consultation with civil society organisations. There has also been a deafening silence on the status of the 365 National Action Plan to End Gender Violence adopted in March 2007 and co-ordinated by the National Prosecution Authority (NPA)."
They said there is also still no specific "domestic violence" category which would enable monitoring of the crime. They called on the government to resuscitate the 365 Day National Action Plan to End Gender Violence.
'We can prevent violence'
Their statement followed a three-day symposium convened by the CSVR under the banner "We can Prevent Violence". They also called for the establishment of a special fund to end gender violence, in line with regional and international commitments.
In addition they called on Fifa to use the World Cup 2010 to send out strong messages in support of the campaign to end gender violence as well as HIV/Aids.
They said the 12% increase in reported rape cases to 71 500 from April 1, 2008 to March 31, 2009 may in part be due to the expanded definition of rape under the new act. The figures are unacceptably high and likely to be understated due to under reporting.
Government was also still "well behind" in reaching the target of 81 one-stop centres for addressing gender violence by 2010 provided for in the National Sexual Assault Policy.
The 16-Days campaign takes place every year from November 25, the International Day of No Violence Against Women.
It runs until December 10, which is International Human Rights Day.
Is he an astute politician who speaks to ordinary people's concerns, or a dangerous populist who may be undermining the Constitution? Jacob Zuma's controversial remarks on the pre-election campaign trail that has taken him around the country have left in their wake a number of questions - and while his comments may have hit the right spot with his audiences, constitutional experts and gender rights activists are not amused. The ANC president told a rally in the Western Cape last weekend that truant learners and pregnant teenagers "should be caught and sent to faraway boarding schools by force until they get degrees".
He accused teenaged mothers of abusing the government's child grant and talked about "a war on street kids". He also repeated previous remarks, including one that crime suspects enjoy too many privileges. But since he sensationally pronounced last year that he was willing to reconsider the death penalty, there has been little indication of how he wants to get this past the country's progressive human rights Constitution. The man is certainly playing to his audiences across South Africa's deep social divides. His allegorical, vernacular rally style contrasts sharply with his measured and reasonable utterances last week at the Cape Town Press Club, where his audience was a world apart from the mostly poverty-stricken people who turn up at rallies. Constitutional and human rights experts believe Zuma's campaign approach to be "dangerous" and "populist", one that's testing the limits of the country's Constitution. Some are incensed by Zuma's suggestion that teenaged mothers should be separated from their babies. "There is a complete lack of acknowledgement of the responsibility of the father in any of this. Teenage girls are a nice, easy cheap target and it plays to a conservative populism to bash teenage girls," is the verdict of Lisa Vetten, senior researcher at the Tshwaranang Legal Advocacy Centre to End Violence Against Women. "Frankly, for the ANC Youth League to have not said anything about this either, just goes to show how much they care about the difficulties that face adolescent girls. Why girls fall pregnant is a lot more complicated than we think." Two legal commentators say they believe aspects of Zuma's statements may be in conflict with the country's Constitution. University of the Western Cape constitutional expert, Professor Pierre de Vos, says if Zuma indeed meant that women should be forcibly sent away for education, he was making them into "criminals" when they were not accused before the law - "even more grave if it is directed at pregnant women". "It is obviously preposterous, because you once again make women the scapegoats and the men (who made them pregnant) get away scot-free. It is the old patriarchal approach," said De Vos. While acknowledging that the scope of teenage pregnancies was a shame to society, Unisa's Professor Shadrack Gutto said the ANC president's solution was not necessarily "child friendly", did not address the root causes of the problem and "from a constitutional legal perspective (was) very problematic". "As a safeguard you should build in the question of development of children," suggests Gutto. "In legal terms, the interests of the child (babies) come first, and critical to that is the interests of the child, for instance, in breastfeeding. "We know breastfeeding is universally acknowledged to be better for the child than other forms of feeding (although) other forms are not necessarily bad for the child." He said in this context, the statement "could violate the constitutional principle of protecting the rights of children" even before considering the interests of the mother. From the child's point of view "the statements are unfortunate and in many ways opposite to the principles of law". "We need proper reflection really on this issue - which is a populist statement not properly thought through," he suggested. But ANC national spokesperson Carl Niehaus believes Zuma has been misunderstood. The comments - often mistranslated - are derived from listening to communities where the problem of teenage pregnancies "means that mothers and grannies then have to look after the children of their children" and teenage mothers are stigmatised. Niehaus said Zuma was merely raising real concerns in communities that beg for a response from the government. He said that when teenagers leave a community to give birth, they are seldom welcomed back "because there is a kind of social sanction". "It is first of all not an attitude to let men walk off scot-free. It is important that young men are also kept responsible. The suggestion is not at all to withdraw the children by force, but where possible for them to be taken into a new community where they will be able to grow with the children," he explained. On the ANC president's statements that the rights of criminals should be curtailed, experts argue that this will not solve the underlying problem of weak judicial and police systems that result in offenders walking free. But what it does do is infringe on people's constitutional rights. The constitutional legal basic rights of all persons have limitations, stresses Gutto. "But then to be saying criminals should not have rights, really the ANC president is speaking in a language (that) I think is contrary to our Constitution and the principles of the right to freedom of movement and the rights of expression and freedom of association, which will be severely limited." Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation's senior researcher David Bruce says that while there's evidence that a control-orientated approach to criminal justice is likely to convict more criminals, it also comes at the cost of convicting higher numbers of people who are innocent. Bruce warns that a human rights approach, however, depends on a criminal justice system which is staffed by people who are highly skilled and knowledgeable. South Africa has been struggling to get this right, but all efforts must be exhausted before we start intruding on human rights, he stressed. "Incarceration is a process which brutalises people. We are living in a country that is already severely brutalised. So we need to be very wary of it," he said. De Vos says it's a "typical politician's quick-fix" answer to complex problems in our deeply unequal society. But Niehaus stressed that Zuma had been trying to respond to communities' serious battles against crime and to encourage discussion about whether this could be dealt with "in a tougher way without transgressing the Constitution". Gutto also acknowledges the flip-side - that South Africa offers little for victims of crime. "If you put all those together, you can see where the sentiment is coming from - but the ANC president should not be speaking so loosely." Niehaus denied Zuma was being populist. "It is more about being sensitive to the issues being raised in townships and rural communities where things are really difficult. "These are really issues that I think he is quite right to raise," he stressed.This article was originally published on page 17 of Cape Argus on November 14, 2008
There was no need for court action to force the Gauteng provincial government to keep open temporary safe sites for refugees and asylum seekers until they were reintegrated into communities, spokesperson Thabo Masebe said on Monday. He was reacting to the announcement that the Wits Law Clinic and Consortium for Refugees and Migrants in South Africa (CoRMSA) were bringing an urgent application in the Pretoria High Court. They want the government ordered to communicate and implement a reintegration strategy which protects the rights of all, and to restore and not dismantle the Rifle Range temporary safe site until the reintegration strategy is in place.
"I don't know really what these people are looking for," said Masebe. There was no need for them to take court action, he said. "All they had to do was come to us." More than 62 people died, hundreds were injured and tens of thousands displaced in a wave of xenophobic attacks which started in Alexandra, Johannesburg on May 12 and spread to the rest of the country. The displaced have been housed in temporary shelters set up throughout the province since then. "All the shelters are still open, including the Rifle Range shelter," said Masebe. However, he explained that when people left any of the shelters any excess tents were folded up. Of about 1 700 refugees and asylum seekers at the Rifle Range camp at the height of the crisis, only 250 remained, he said. The rest had left after refusing to accept temporary identity cards from the Department of Home Affairs or finding alternative accommodation in their communities. Elsewhere in the province, there were still about 3 000 occupants of the safe shelters. "It's going down because people are leaving every day," he said, adding that 10 families left the Rand Airport camp on Friday alone. The government's key role had been to create conditions in all communities - starting with those where there was violence - for people to return to their homes, Masebe said. "They should be safe to do so. They should not fear that somebody will attack them again," he said. This had involved talking to the communities, which the provincial government had started in May. "It's not something that starts and stops. It starts and continues," he said. "I don't know what plan they are looking for." Civil society organisations have come out in support of the court action. While the need for legal action was regrettable, it was needed in the absence of the government's formal communication on a reintegration strategy, said the Reintegration Working Group. The group includes representatives of, among others: the Anglican Diocese of Johannesburg; the Somali Community Board; the Refugee Ministries Centre; the Coalition Against Xenophobia; His People Church; the Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation; Mthwakazi Arts and Culture; and the Salvation Army. Masebe said the various groups could assist the government as political organisations and community organisations had done from the start. "That process goes on." In addition, the provincial government was talking to displaced people still at the shelters and who could not reintegrate on their own to find out what kind of help they needed. This included assistance with the building of shacks destroyed in the violence - in Ekurhuleni, communities were already helping in rebuilding efforts - or finding alternative accommodation. "There is no way as government, there is no way we are going to keep the shelters on a permanent basis.". The government did not want to create as permanent, separate settlements for foreign nationals, he said, adding that the government would oppose the court action. "It is not properly informed." - Sapa
In the Independent Online
Police corruption is likely to skyrocket if the Scorpions are closed down, the Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation (CSVR) stated in a submission to parliament. "The SAPS is already riddled with corruption and is very bad at addressing the issue," CSVR senior researcher David Bruce argued. He said that corruption within the service could only be properly addressed if investigating units, with the "investigative sophistication" of the Scorpions, were allowed to remain independent of the police. The CSVR submission is but one of many which the chairperson of the National Assembly's Safety and Security Committee, Maggie Sotyu, expects to be waiting for her when she return to parliament next Tuesday.
The public has until Monday to make submissions concerning their views on whether the Directorate of Special Operations (Scorpions) should be closed and merged into the SAPS as called for by ANC resolutions passed at its December conference. The CSVR said that while it recognised that there were problems with the way the Scorpions were managed - as highlighted in the Khampepe Commission's report - these should be addressed without dissolving the unit. Closing the unit would do nothing to reduce the risk of the state abusing its power in the future by using similar units for its own political gain, the CSVR argued. "Creating a single agency with a monopoly of investigative powers is more likely to accentuate the problem," the CSVR said. Groups within the ANC along with the ANC's alliance partners have accused President Thabo Mbeki of using the Scorpions to carry out his political agenda against ANC leader Jacob Zuma. Meanwhile the Centre For Constitutional Rights (CFCR) on Wednesday described cabinet's decision to close the Scorpions as "irrational and arbitrary". It added it had a duty to draw attention to "conduct inconsistent with the constitution".This article was originally published on page 3 of Pretoria News on July 24, 2008
Brian Indrelunas The government should meet its "international obligation" to criminalise torture, says SA Human Rights commissioner Leon Wessels. He called explicitly outlawing torture "an international obligation" after speaking to representatives of non-profit groups and government departments at a seminar. "We can't just subscribe to the international rhetoric (without) ensuring that torture becomes a statutory crime," he commented. The Constitution lists the right not to be tortured and police policies refer to torture specifically, but "all other policy is devoid of the language", said Lukas Muntingh of the Civil Society Prison Reform Initiative. CSPRI and the Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation (CSVR) hosted on Tuesday's seminar, which explored civil society's role in preventing torture.
Published on iol.co.za
Chomiak.L (2017). Tunisia: The Colonial Legacy and Transitional Justice.
Bantjes, Megan. 2011. How others have done it: A desk study of community projects related to torture, Appendix C. Johannesburg: Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation.With the aim of informing CSVR's development of a community work model to address torture and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment, this desk study examines six community projects conducted in South Africa and in other countries. Details of four of the interventions were found in the literature and information about two projects was gathered in interviews with the staff involved. Each intervention is discussed in terms of six questions that have been found useful for thinking about community work (see Questions about community work, Appendix B). The objectives of CSVR’s community work on torture - transformation, prevention and amelioration - provide the framework for considering the implications of each of these projects for CSVR's development of a model.
Workshop report 2011. Developing a use of force policy for the South African Police Service. Emoyeni Conference Centre, Johannesburg, 21 - 22 July 2011.
Bruce, David. 2011. Beyond section 49: Control of the use of force. SA Crime Quarterly 36. Institutue for Security Studies. (1.2MB)
Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation, Institute for Security Studies and African Policing Civilian Oversight Forum ‘Police and the use of force in South Africa: Time for a new approach, July 2011 (brochure).
For printing or reading online the brochure may also be downloaded as an 8 page document here.
Bruce, D. (2010). ‘Towards professional use of lethal force by police in South Africa’
Criminal Justice Programme, Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation. (2010). Recommendations for the Promotion of the Sexual Health, Sexual Rights, Safety and Dignity of Prisoners. Report. (pdf 244 KB).