This paper discusses Independent Complaints Directorate (ICD) statistics, and reviews what it is that they actually reveal. It shows that most complaints received by the ICD are not from victims of police brutality, but from members of the public dissatisfied with the quality of policing service provided to them. It therefore argues that ICD statistics cannot be used as indicators of overall levels of police brutality.
David Bruce is a Johannesburg-based independent researcher and writer working in the fields of policing, crime and criminal justice. He obtained his Master's Degree Public and Development Management and Bachelor's Degree Bachelor of Arts with majors in Legal Theory and Industrial Sociology from The University of the Witwatersrand.