Criminal Justice

Developing a Use of Force Policy for the South African Police Service: Workshop Report

This report summarises the presentations and discussions held on 21 and 22 July 2011 at a workshop entitled “Developing a use of force policy for the SAPS”. The workshop was held at the Emoyeni Conference ...

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Beyond Section 49: Control of the Use of Lethal Force

This paper discusses the misuse of lethal force by the South African Police Services (SAPS). The paper discusses the legal framework surrounding the issue, and highlights the importance of the reorientation of the SAPS in its ...

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Lethal Force: CSVR Submission on the Proposed Amendments to Section 49 of the Criminal Procedure Act

This is a submission by the Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation to the Portfolio Committee on Justice and Constitutional Development regarding the Criminal Procedure Amendment Bill 2010. This submission motivates that this ...

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Police and the Use of Force in South Africa: Time for a New Approach

This report discusses the legal framework currently surrounding the use of deadly force by the South African Police Services. It recommends several conceptual flaws with current legislation and makes recommendations for amendments. 

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Anger, Hatred, or Just Heartlessness? Defining Gratuitous Violence

Violent crime in South Africa is sometimes said to be unusual, because it is perceived to frequently be gratuitous. This article engages with the question of how to define gratuitous violence. It also analyses whether ...

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An Acceptable Price to Pay: The Use of Lethal Force by Police in South Africa

This paper is concerned with the use of lethal force by police in South Africa. Police in apartheid South Africa were associated with the excessive use of force. With the transition to democracy various measures ...

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