This paper looks to define torture and those who experience it. It emphasizes that torture destroys the voice of the victim, while censorship destroys the voice of those who might speak on her behalf. Torture destroys language, the contents of consciousness, the Self and the predictability of human interaction. In this way it attempts to annihilate the humanity of the victim, but at the same time brutalises the torturer and state officials involved.
The Psychology of Torture
Shirley Spitz is a psychologist.