This paper was written with the aim of providing a theoretical basis for the Centre for the Study of Violence Reconciliation's model of community intervention with a specific focus on work done in the field of torture and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment. The document briefly reviews some of the better known theories and models of community work from psychology and social work. The objectives, principles and ethics which might guide CSVR in its community based torture work are outlined. Some conclusions are made about which theories would be most appropriate to inform the model. This paper also serves as an appendix to an unpublished internal CSVR paper called "Finding our way: developing a community work model for addressing torture". A condensed version of the paper which incorporated the appendices was made available with the same title on the CSVR and Dignity websites.